Dr. David L. Lewis
                               Retired EPA Microbiologist  
                       Forced out of EPA for Telling the Truth

The Sludge Victims Report is a tribute to Dr. Lewis, a brave man with unimpeachable Integrity.  

Lewis letter to Diane Mazze of Pennsylvania on death of her husband Harry.

"Lewis was a highly respected microbiologist at EPA.  Once he exposed the lies  supporting sewage effluent recycling,
EPA and the waste industry have brought discredit upon his name as an expert witness in the legal system. I know. It is
in the public records,  I had to write Lewis a letter to that effect when I desperately required his expert testimony in
court.  Lewis mentioned the high levels of E. coli I required expert testimony for in Sludge Magic at the EPA, The
Journal of Commerce; January  27, 1999. Today, Lewis can not even comment on a sludge issue because of pending
court action."
(Statement by Jim Bynum, retired Safety Consultant)

Sludge Magic at EPA
"According to scientists working for the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research & Development, the
Sludge Rule on land application of municipal wastes (40 CFR Part 503) promulgated in 1993 may be the most
scientifically unsound action ever taken by the agency. Rather than being protective, the rule actually threatens public
health and the environment."

Congressional Testimony -- The Impact of Science on Public Policy
"Until May 2003, I worked as a GS-15 scientist at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's research laboratory in
Athens, Georgia.  I appreciate this opportunity to testify about science and public policy, and how important it is to
ensure that public policy embraces free and open scientific debate."

EPA Sludge WHISTLEBLOWERS -- Sanjour and Lewis

"EPA does not like to have its dirty secrets exposed to the light of public opinion: "A  major thrust involves using federal
and private funds to pressure employers to fire  scientists who raise concerns about government policies or industry
products and  practices. The most common approach used against scientists at government laboratories and
universities is to file allegations of scientific misconduct, ethics violations, and even criminal violations".Of course, EPA
does asked its employees to commit criminal violations when it is hiding the truth from us."

Nature, Vol. 381, June 27, 1996    Lewis writes:
"Historically, the number of EPA professionals educated in the life sciences has been low compared with those trained
in the physical sciences, and has been decreasing in recent years. Reflecting this disparity only a third of the internal
grants awarded by ORD {Office of Research and Development} support projects in the biological sciences. (p. 731)"

Congressional Testimony of Attorney F. EDWIN HALLMAN, JR.
"This letter, and the enclosed documents, are also intended to supplement Dr. David Lewis’ testimony at the February
4, 2004 hearing before the Subcommittee. Dr. Lewis’ testimony described abuse by EPAemployees and others of
scientific peer-review and Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) procedures supposedly implemented within the
EPA. Dr. Lewis described EPA’s documents and representations which are directly and conclusively contradicted by
specific, detailed and unrefuted information in the possession of the EPA."

A High-Level Disinfection Standard for Land-Applied Sewage Sludges (Biosolids)
David K. Gattie1 and David L. Lewis 2
Complaints associated with land-applied sewage sludges primarily involve irritation of the skin, mucous membranes,
and the respiratory tract accompanied by opportunistic infections. Volatile emissions and organic dusts appear to be
the main source of irritation. Occasionally, chronic gastrointestinal problems are reported by affected residents who
have private wells. To prevent acute health effects, we recommend that the current system of classifying sludges based
on indicator pathogen levels (Class A and Class B) be replaced with a single high-level disinfection standard and
that methods used to treat sludges be improved to reduce levels of irritant chemicals, especially endotoxins. A national
opinion survey of individuals impacted by or concerned about the safety of land-application practices indicated that
most did not consider the practice inherently unsafe but that they lacked confidence in research supported by federal
and state agencies. Key words: biosolids, sewage sludge. Environ Health Perspect 112:126–131 (2004). doi:10.1289
/ehp.6207 available via http://dx.doi.org/ [Online 17 November 2003]

Campus News  
An ill wind, Researchers link human illness to sludge fertilizer
By Kim Carlyle, kosborne@uga.edu

"Burning eyes, burning lungs, skin rashes and other symptoms of illness have been found in a study of residents living
near land  fertilized with Class B biosolids, a byproduct of the human-waste treatment process. The study, the first
reporting this link to be published in a medical journal, was co-authored by David Lewis, a UGA research microbiologist
also affiliated with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s National Exposure Research Laboratory; David Gattie,
assistant professor of agricultural engineering in UGA’s College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences; Marc
Novak, a research technician with UGA’s School of Marine Sciences; Susan Sanchez, assistant professor of veterinary
medicine at UGA; and Charles Pumphrey, a physician from Prime Care of Sun City in Menifee, Calif. The research was
published earlier this year in the British medical journal BMC Public Health."

Interactions of pathogens and irritant chemicals in land-applied sewage sludges (biosolids)
David L Lewis1,2 , David K Gattie3 , Marc E Novak2 , Susan Sanchez4  and Charles Pumphrey5

Affected residents lived within approximately 1 km of land application sites and generally complained of irritation (e.g.,
skin rashes and burning of the eyes, throat, and lungs) after exposure to winds blowing from treated fields. A
prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus infections of the skin and respiratory tract was found. Approximately 1 in 4 of 54
individuals were infected, including 2 mortalities (septicaemia, pneumonia). This result was consistent with the
prevalence of S. aureus infections accompanying diaper rashes in which the organism, which is commonly found in the
lower human colon, tends to invade irritated or inflamed tissue.

When assessing public health risks from applying sewage sludges in residential areas, potential interactions of
chemical contaminants with low levels of pathogens should be considered. An increased risk of infection may occur
when allergic and non-allergic reactions to endotoxins and other chemical components irritate skin and mucus
membranes and thereby compromise normal barriers to infection.

"Exposure to sufficiently high concentrations of gaseous organic amines can cause severe irritation of the eyes and
skin, and damage to mucus membranes leading to pulmonary edema (bleeding in the respiratory system). These toxic
gases can also cause damage to the: lungs, liver ,and other internal organs. Initial symptoms include eye,
irritation, skin rashes, burning in the mouth, nose, or 'throat, generation of mucus, headaches, nausea, and vomiting.
Such damged tissues can serve as a port of entry for bacterial or viral pathogens, leading to flu-like infections,
pneumonia, or bacteremia/septicaemia."

Relators David L. Lewis, Ph.D., R. A. McElmurray, and G. William Boyce filed the above-captioned qui tam action under
the False Claims Act (“FCA”), 31 U.S.C. §§ 3729-3731. Relators allege that Defendants violated the FCA by submitting
false or fraudulent grant applications in order to receive federal funds to support their environmental research projects."

Court finds that Defendants Walker and Brobst are not entitled to qualified immunity. The Court denies the
Motion to Dismiss by Defendants Gaskin, Miller, Tollner, and Risse (Doc. 23) and the Motion to Dismiss by
Defendants John Walker Ph.D. and Robert B. Brobst

The Plight of the Whistleblower -- Vindicated or not, life is never the same for those who disclose
After garnering data on the harmful effects of dust from sewage sludge used as fertilizer on US and Canadian farms,
David Lewis, former microbiologist with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), spoke out in Nature articles.1,2
The ensuing confrontation with his superiors would get him terminated from the EPA. "I never thought of myself as a
whistleblower," he says. To Lewis, whistleblowers pointed fingers at people who fraudulently spent government money
to buy things like private boats.

Case of Dr. David Lewis discussed on p. 338-39; 359, American Journal of Law & Medicine, 30 (2004): 333-69
There is a long history of attacks on scientists. During the Inquisition, the Roman Catholic Church charged Galileo with
heresy and, after imprisonment and threats of torture, forced him to renounce his theory that the sun, not the earth, was
the center of the universe.1 In the 1950s, politicians sought to silence scientists that allegedly held political views
sympathetic to Communists.2

Blowing the Whistle on EPA’s Misuse of Science an interview with Dr. David L. Lewis
"David L. Lewis has a Ph.D. in microbial ecology and works for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He also
serves on the Graduate Faculty of the University of Georgia. His university research in the early 1990s into the
potential transmission of the AIDS virus by dental drills was published in leading British and American medical journals.
After carrying out a highly publicized effort to educate the public, new infection control guidelines were adopted by
public health officials in the U.S., Western Europe, and elsewhere."
epa52303- Lewis.pdf